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By the Numbers Breakdown:

Illegal Immigration vs. Legal Permanent Immigration

Current legal and illegal immigration numbers.

Migrant Categories

There are three categories of migrants and immigration recognized under U.S. law: Immigrants (legal immigration: permanent), nonimmigrants (legal immigration: temporary), and illegal aliens (illegal immigration).

See the State Department Directory of Visa Categories for more.

Legal Immigration (Permanent) by Decade

Immigration numbers: green cards by decade

Foreign Born Percentage and Numbers

Foreign born in the United States reached new records highs in 2024 in both numbers (51.4 million) and percentage (15.5% of the population).

Illegal immigration encounters by Customs and Border Protection

CBP Encounters Nationwide by Fiscal Year: record highs of above 200,000 per month since Fiscal Year 2021.

Population Projections Under Different Immigration Scenarios

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