H.R. 4166, the American Workforce Improvement and Jobs Protection Act, would exempt from the annual H-1B cap aliens holding a Master's degree or higher, up to 20,000. However, the bill would have reinstated tougher employer attestation requirements, a $1,000 application fee, and Labor Department investigative authorities, that expired in the fall of 2003.
H.R. 4052, the Save Summer Act, would increase the annual cap for 2004 on H-2B visas for low-skill, temporary foreign workers by 40,000.
H.R. 4041 would remove the numerical cap on H-2B visas for 2004.
H.R. 4011, the North Korean Human Rights Act, would make it easier for North Koreans to seek refugee status in the United States.
H.R. 3918, the Comprehensive Immigration Fairness Reform Act, would create an amnesty for illegal aliens who have been physically present in the U.S. for five years and have never been convicted of a criminal offense. In addition to this general amnesty, H.R. 3918 included special amnesties for Haitians and Liberians. The bill would also increase the cap on lottery visas from 55,000 to 110,000 annually.
H.R. 3271, the Earned Legalization and Family Unification Act, would increase chain migration by increasing the annual cap on family-based legal immigrants by about 250,000. It would also grant amnesty to some 6.5 million illegal immigrants in the United States.
H.R. 3142, the Agricultural Job Opportunity, Benefits, and Security Act, would reward certain illegal aliens working in agriculture with amnesty. It would also reward illegal immigration by protecting illegal aliens granted temporary resident status from prosecution for Social Security fraud.
H.R. 2899, the Border Security and Immigration Improvement Act, would create a legalization process for almost all illegal aliens who would then be eligible for green cards after 6 years. It would also create a guestworker program for illegal aliens that would lead to amnesty.
H.R. 2843, the Andean Adjustment Act, would grant amnesty for illegal aliens from Perus and Colombia. Amnesties have been shown to increase rates of illegal immigration.