(clockwise from upper left) Reps. Cravaack, Graves, Kline & Smith
(clockwise from upper left) Reps. Cravaack, Graves, Kline & Smith

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Reps. Chip Cravaack (R-Minn.), Tom Graves (R-Ga.), John Kline (R-Minn.) and Adrian Smith (R-Neb.) have cosponsored the Birthright Citizenship Act of 2011 introduced by Rep. Steve King (R-Iowa). The bill currently has 66 cosponsors and amends current U.S. code to require at least one parent to be a U.S. citizen or legal permanent resident for a new born to receive automatic citizenship.

The Fourteenth Amendment extends citizenship to all persons born in the U.S. and "subject to the jurisdiction"; it also grants Congress the power to enforce and define the provisions of the amendment.

Since the Civil Rights Act of 1866, Congress has defined Birthright Citizenship through appropriate legislation, which for decades has granted citizenship to newborns with both parents illegal aliens, foreign tourists or temporary foreign workers and students. The Fourteenth Amendment gives Congress the right to define birthright citizenship differently.

The Birthright Citizenship Act of 2011 would add to the existing federal code a provision that requires at least one parent of a new born to be a U.S. citizen or legal permanent resident in order for the new born to receive automatic citizenship.

The United States is one of two industrialized nations (Canada) to offer Birthright Citizenship. Rep. Cravaack

Rep. Cravaack represents Minnesota's 8th Congressional District and is serving his first term in Congress.

Rep. Graves

Rep. Graves represents Georgia's 9th Congressional District. He is serving his 2nd term in Congress after taking the seat over when Nathan Deal resigned to run for governor. He has earned a career A- grade.

Rep. Kline

Rep. Kline represents Minnesota's 2nd Congressional District. He is serving his 5th term in Congress and has earned a career B+ grade.

Rep. Smith

Rep. Smith represents Nebraska's 3rd Congressional District. He is serving his 3rd term in Congress and has earned a career A+ grade.

For the full list of cosponsors, visit the Thomas section of the Library of Congress' website.

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