There are currently more than 16,000 border patrol agents protecting the land and sea borders of the United States, most of who are stationed along the U.S.-Mexico border. The border patrol uses a variety of tools to deter and apprehend smugglers and potential illegal immigrants, including using dune buggies to combat drug smuggling on the California-Baja California border, mounted patrols to combat human smugglers, and helicopters equipped with thermal imaging devices to find illegal alien convoys at night.
|Increases Border Controls||Decreases Border Controls|
|H.Con.Res. 221 - would urge the President and the Secretary of Homeland Security to secure our borders and enforce our immigration laws. Rep. Virgil Goode (R-VA) is the bill's main sponsor. |
H.Con.Res. 487 - would express the sense of Congress that: (1) the United Staets should not engage in the construction of a NAFTA Superhighway System; (2) the United States should not enter into a North American Union with Canada and Mexico; and (3) the President should strongly oppose these or any other proposals that threaten U.S. sovereignty. Rep. Virgil Goode (R-VA) is the resolution’s main sponsor.
H.Res. 839 - would express a sense of the House that DHS should not undermine the efforts of citizen groups to preserve the integrity of our borders. Rep. Virgil Goode (R-VA) is the bill's main sponsor.
H.Res. 932 - would express a sense of the House of Representatives that additional emergency supplemental appropriations for enforcement of border security, immigration and customs laws should be provided by Congress. Rep. Marion Berry (D-AR) is the bill's main sponsor.
H.Res. 1074 - would express the sense of the House that: (1) state and local governments should be supported for acting to discourage illegal immigration; and (2) Congress should promptly pass comprehensive border security and enforcement legislation as to ease the burden on those state and local governments. Rep. Ted Poe (R-TX) is the resolution’s main sponsor.
[Enacted] H.R. 418 - prohibits federal agencies from accepting as valid ID driver's licenses issued by states that issue them to illegal aliens, prevents terrorists from abusing asylum laws or avoiding deportation, and ensures completion of the San Diego border fence. Rep. James Sensenbrenner (R-WI) is the bill's main sponsor.
Bush Administration Endorsement
Facts on asylum reforms
REAL ID Act Does NOT Create National ID Card
9/11 terrorists got licenses while illegally present
H.R. 688 - would enact comprehensive immigration reform that provides more resources for our legal immigration system, while reducing workload levels, strengthening our borders, increasing screening and tracking of aliens, removing alien terrorists, criminals, and human rights violators, and expediting removal proceedings. Rep. Gresham Barrett (R-SC) is the bill's main sponsor.
H.R. 780 - would amend the Intelligence Reform and Terrorism Prevention Act of 2004 to assure funding for additional Border Patrol Agents. Rep. Dutch Ruppersberger (D-MD) is the bill's main sponsor.
H.R. 1817 - would authorize appropriations and functions for the Department of Homeland Security and the departments under its jurisdiction, including Citizenship and Immigration Services (CIS), Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE), and Customs and Border Protection (CBP). Former Rep. Christopher Cox (R-CA) was the bill's main sponsor.
Status: Received in the Senate and Read twice and referred to the Committee on Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs.
H.R. 1912 - would call for a moratorium on immigration until the government can effectively curb illegal immigration and screen for possible terrorists – specifically targeting the Visa Lottery Program – and direct the Secretary of Homeland Security to draw up a new immigration policy that implements an effective system that screens immigrants for potential ties to terrorism. Rep. Sam Graves (R-MO) is the bill's main sponsor.
H.R. 1986 - would authorize the Secretary of Defense to assign members of the Army, Navy, Air Force and Marine Corps to assist the Department of Homeland Security in securing the borders under certain circumstances. Rep. Virgil Goode (R-VA) is the bill's main sponsor.
H.R. 3150 - would establish mandatory minimum sentences for aliens who reenter the United States after being removed and for persons who assist aliens in reentering the United States. Rep. Darrell Issa (R-CA) is the bill's main sponsor.
H.R. 3333 - would strengthen border security and interior enforcement and, once the enforcement provisions are in place, would implement a new guest worker program that includes protections for American workers and is responsive to actual market conditions, but without including any form of amnesty. Rep. Tom Tancredo (R-CO) is the bill's main sponsor.
H.R. 3938 - would create a plan to recruit and train additional Customs and Border Protection officers and Border Patrol agents, increase funding for border patrol efforts, and authorize the Secretary of Homeland Security to allow the use of the military to assist in Border Patrol efforts. Rep. J.D. Hayworth (R-AZ) is the bill's main sponsor.
H.R. 4044 - would increase border patrol efforts by providing for additional border patrol agents, additional border patrol equipment, and training facilities; would establish incentives for careers in the Border Patrol; would call for the deployment of border patrol agents to states where a border security state of emergency has been declared. Rep. Sheila Jackson-Lee (D-TX) is the bill's main sponsor.
H.R. 4240 - would permit the use of the Army and the Air Force to secure the border, increase criminal fines and penalties for alien smuggling, and authorize DHS to deny admission to aliens from countries that refuse to accept return of their nationals who are removed by the United States. Rep. John Hostettler (R-IN) is the bill's main sponsor.
H.R. 4312 - would eliminate the "catch and release" practice, enhance infrastructure at the border, develop a National Strategy for Border Protection, and add 32,000 detention beds. Rep. Peter King (R-NY) is the bill's main sponsor.
H.R. 4830 - would penalize any person constructing or financing a border tunnel with up to 20 years’ imprisonment and anybody who recklessly permits others to construct or use such a tunnel on their land with up to 10 years’ imprisonment; and would punish those who use a border tunnel to smuggle aliens (including terrorists and criminals), weapons, drugs, and other illicit goods by doubling of the sentence for the underlying offense (i.e., up to 40 years’ imprisonment). Rep. David Dreier (R-CA) is the bill’s main sponsor.
H.R. 6160 - would require DHS to develop and implement a plan to better recruit and retain Border Patrol agents and include in that plan a scheme to award bonuses for recruitment and retention of Border Patrol agents. Rep. Mike D. Rogers (R-AL) is the bill’s main sponsor.
H.R. 6162 - would require DHS’ Inspector General (IG) to review, in a timely manner, each contract action related to the Secure Border Initiative having a value greater than $20 million to determine whether the action fully complies with applicable cost requirements, performance objectives, program milestones, timelines, etc., and would require the IG to report his findings – including any cost overruns, delays in execution, lack of departmental contract management or oversight, etc. – to the Secretary of DHS; would require the Secretary to submit a report on the IG’s review to Congress within 30 days of receiving the IG’s review, and would require this report to include information regarding the steps the Secretary has taken, or plans to take, to address the problems identified in the IG’s review; would authorize appropriations for these reviews for fiscal years 2007 through 2009; and would require the IG to notify the Secretary, as soon as possible, if the IG becomes aware of any improper conduct or wrongdoing associated with a contract review. Rep. Rep. Mike D. Rogers (R-AL) is the bill’s main sponsor.
S. 1438 - would strengthen border security and interior enforcement of immigration laws, but would provide illegal aliens with a five-year exit amnesty and create a new temporary guest worker program. Sen. John Cornyn (R-TX) is the bill's main sponsor.
S. 3948 - would penalize any person convicted of constructing or financing a border tunnel with up to 25 years’ imprisonment and anybody who recklessly permits others to construct or use such a tunnel on their land with up to 15 years’ imprisonment; and would penalize any person convicted of using a border tunnel to smuggle aliens (including terrorists and criminals), weapons, drugs, and other illicit goods by a doubling of the sentence for the underlying offense (i.e., up to 50 years’ imprisonment). Sen. Bill Frist (R-TN) is the bill’s main sponsor.
S. 3949 - would require the Departments of State and Homeland Security to issue regular studies (i.e., within one year of enactment and every five years thereafter): (1) identifying the geographic areas in Mexico from which large percentages of people are leaving to enter the United States illegally; (2) analyzing the social, political, and economic conditions in those geographic areas that contribute to illegal immigration into the United States; would require the Department of State, within 16 months of enactment and every five years thereafter, to submit to Congress a report: (1) describing the results of the aforementioned study; and (2) providing recommendations on how the U.S. Government can improve the social, political, etc., conditions; would require the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID) – in consultation with the Departments of State and Homeland Security and the Mexican Government – to designate not more than four geographic areas within Mexico as Immigration Impact Focus Areas, and would provide guidelines for designation; and would require USAID, in consultation with the Department of State, to develop a plan to concentrate economic development and humanitarian assistance provided to Mexico in the Immigration Impact Focus. Sen. Bill Frist (R-TN) is the bill’s main sponsor.
H.R. 635 [companion to S. 348] - would designate Poland as a Visa Waiver country. Rep. Nancy Johnson (R-CT) is the bill's main sponsor.
|***NOTE*** There are four forms legislation take:|
|S. 123 (or H.R. 123) - This denotes regular bills that must pass both Chambers, get Presidential signature and have force of law.|
|S. Res. 123 (or H.Res. 123) - Resolutions affecting a single body of Congress.|
|S.J. Res. 123 (or H.J.Res. 123) - Joint resolutions are generally the same as bills, only affect narrower subjects. They require Presidential signature after passing both Chambers, like a bill, unless it's a constitutional amendment.|
|S.Con.Res. 123 (or H.Con.Res. 123) - Concurrent resolutions must pass both bodies, but can go to the President for signature. They are used for things like agreement on a date for adjournment, sense of Congress on something and for budgetary decisions. It doesn't have the force of law.|