The United States currently grants automatic U.S. citizenship to almost all children born in the United States, regardless of whether the parents are U.S. citizens, legal residents, temporary visitors, or illegal aliens in the United States. Some 380,000 children are born in the United States each year to illegal-alien mothers, according to U.S. Census data. The only exceptions to this automatic granting of citizenship are the children of foreign diplomats stationed in the United States, whose citizenship at birth is governed by international treaty.
H.R. 133 (Citizenship Reform Act of 2007) - would restrict birthright citizenship to children who are born in the United States and “subject to the jurisdiction” thereof by defining “subject to the jurisdiction” of the United States to mean a child born: (1) to married parents (though common law marriage is not sufficient), at least one of whom is a citizen, national, or lawful permanent resident (LPR) of the United States and maintains a residence here; (2) out of wedlock to a mother who is a U.S. citizen, national, or LPR and maintains her residence here; or (3) to a father who is a U.S. citizen, national, or LPR who maintains his residence here, but only if: (a) the father was a U.S. citizen, national, or LPR upon the child’s birth and agrees (unless deceased), in writing, to provide financial support for the child until his 18th birthday; and (b) paternity is established conclusively and acknowledged in writing under oath prior to the child’s 18th birthday; and would apply these restrictions to children born on or after this measure’s enactment. Rep. Elton Gallegly (R-Calif.) is the measure’s main sponsor.
H.R. 1940 (Birthright Citizenship Act of 2007) - would eliminate birthright citizenship for the children born to illegal aliens in the United States by limiting the granting of such citizenship to the children of: (1) U.S. citizens or nationals; (2) lawful permanent resident aliens residing in the United States; and (3) aliens performing active service in the armed forces. Rep. Nathan Deal (R-Ga.) is the measure’s main sponsor.
H.R. 6789 (Loophole Elimination and Verification Enforcement [LEAVE] Act) - would prevent children born to illegal aliens in the United States from obtaining birthright citizenship by limiting such citizenship to the children of: (1) U.S. citizens or nationals; (2) lawful permanent resident aliens residing in the United States; and (3) aliens performing active service in the U.S. armed services.
Click Here: for a listing of other major provisions in the LEAVE Act.
H.J.Res. 46 - would propose an amendment to the U.S. Constitution denying birthright citizenship to a child born to a mother and father, neither of whom are U.S. citizens. Rep. Ron Paul (R-Texas) is the measure's main sponsor.
S.J.Res.31 - would propose an amendment to the U.S. Constitution limiting birthright citizenship. Specifically, this legislation would require at least one parent to be a citizen, lawful permanent resident, or alien serving in the military. Sen. David Vitter (R-La.) is the measure's main sponsor.